In October 2013, the Lawyers Collective and the O’Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University officially launched the Global Health and Human Rights Database. This is the first-ever free database dedicated to health and human rights law. It features case law and other documents from more than 80 countries, including both common and civil law jurisdictions. It also provides 500 summaries and 200 translations of case law previously unavailable in English.
Rationale for the Database
In recent decades the right to health and other health-related rights have featured in a number of cases decided by national courts and international human rights bodies. This has produced a significant body of jurisprudence on the scope and content of the state’s obligations towards ensuring the health of its citizens.
Despite the growing use of litigation to enforce rights in health-related matters, no comprehensive collection of health and human rights judgments existed until the Global Health and Human Rights Law Database went live last October. Available for free online, the Database serves as an important source of information for students, scholars, and members of the community at large who have an interest in health and human rights.
The Database is divided into three sections: Judgments; International and regional instruments; and National constitutions.
Let’s try it out using the Advanced Search function. Selecting “Americas” under the Region/Country tab and “Chronic and noncommunicable diseases” under the Health Topics tab yields 24 judgments delivered in the period 1995-2012. These judgments are from such bodies as the Supreme Court of Canada, the United Nations Human Rights Committee, the Constitutional Tribunal of Bolivia, and the South Africa Supreme Court of Appeal, to name just a few. Each judgment is also accompanied by a hyper-linked list of the rights at issue, including the right to health, the right to bodily integrity, and the right to a clean environment, among others. These links lead to lists of other cases in which similar rights were at issue.
Avenues for Further Research
Beyond the value of the Database for individual researchers, it also has the potential to facilitate dialogue and debate on broader trends in global health law. In the words of one group of authors, there is an “imperative for interdisciplinary analysis” in the field of health and human rights. Scholars and practitioners alike could use the Database to identify trends across countries, compare divergent legal strategies for realising human rights and/or conduct empirical research on the effects of legal developments on health outcomes. This research could then be used to enrich policy-making related to health.
Click here to view a United Nations webcast discussing the development of the Global Health and Human Rights Law Database.